Language: Korean is the official language of North Korea, but there are minor differences between the Korean spoken in North and South Korea.
Entry requirements for Americans: United States citizens must have a valid passport. A visa is required.
Entry requirements for UK nationals: UK citizens must have a valid passport. A visa is required.
Entry requirements for Canadians: Canadian citizens must have a valid passport. A visa is required.
Entry requirements for Australians: Australian citizens must have a valid passport. A visa is required.
Entry requirements for South Africans: South African citizens must have a valid passport. A visa is required.
Entry requirements for New Zealanders: New Zealand citizens must have a valid passport. A visa is required.
Entry requirements for Irish nationals: Irish citizens must have a valid passport. A visa is required.
Passport/Visa Note: Passport and/or passport replacing document must be valid on arrival. Visitors must hold tickets and documents required for their next destination and sufficient funds to cover their stay. It is highly recommended that passports have at least six months validity remaining after your intended date of departure from your travel destination. Immigration officials often apply different rules to those stated by travel agents and official sources.
Travel Health: Recommended routine vaccinations include MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) updates, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, polio vaccine, and a yearly flu shot. Typhoid and hepatitis A vaccinations are recommended for most travellers and some travellers should consider hepatitis B, Japanese encephalitis and rabies vaccines. Proof of a yellow fever vaccination is required when travelling from countries with yellow fever risks. In the southern provinces of North Korea, malaria can be contracted, so use anti-malarial medication and take plenty of insect repellent. The most common ailment is travellers' diarrhoea and can be avoided with basic precautions. Don't eat food that has not been cooked or unwashed fruits and vegetables. Don't drink tap water unless it has been disinfected, boiled or filtered. When using prescription medication, take a letter from your doctor detailing your condition and confirming the necessity of your medication; it is also important to find out, from your tour operator, what OTC medication you are allowed to take. Medical facilities are limited, so people with underlying problems should avoid travelling to North Korea. The Friendship Hospital in Pyongyang provides adequate surgical facilities, but it's not comparable to other major hospitals in nearby Asian countries. It is advisable to have medical insurance with provision for air evacuation to well-developed medical facilities in Beijing should an emergency warrant high-end medical care.
Tipping: Tipping is frowned upon in most sectors, however some hotel staff may be open to it. Monetary tipping is not allowed, but chocolates and cigarettes, or other small gifts like cosmetics, are perfect for tipping. Tour guides and drivers always welcome such tips and it is a great way of showing appreciation to helpful staff and to gain a bit of favour with the guides.
Safety Information: Crime against foreigners is rare, but ID should always be carried and normal travel precautions are advised. All tourism in North Korea is guided, so do not leave the group and wander off alone. This could result in serious reprimand from police or officials, and your tour guide is likely to bear the brunt of this. Do not criticise the government and stick to photographic regulations. All contraband media will be confiscated and there are strict laws regarding contraband items. Be sure to have a list of safe and contraband items from your tour operator. All travel outside of Pyongyang must be government sanctioned and local taxi drivers are unlikely to take you anywhere unaccompanied by a guide. After years of relative peace, the demilitarised zone between the DPRK and South Korea became a place of tension in 2010, culminating in an artillery exchange in August 2015. This area is volatile and must be avoided at all times.
Local Customs: Locals warm up to friendly travellers who respect tour rules and take the time to learn a few Korean phrases. In terms of social etiquette, bowing is the normal form of greeting (the deeper the bow, the more respect being shown), and you will be expected to remove your shoes when entering certain buildings or places of historical interest. Bowing to pictures and statues of the supreme family is also expected. Homosexuality is not illegal, but is discouraged and frowned upon by the authorities. Clothing should be neat and smart clothing is preferable to casual. Collared shirts are preferable to T-shirts, and trousers and neat jeans to shorts or tracksuits.
Duty Free: Information on the exact amounts of duty-free cigarettes, tobacco and liquor allowed is unclear and it is best to check with your tour operator. Prohibited items include binoculars, guns and ammunition, explosives, drugs, seeds, pornography, certain types of media and books or literature in Korean. Gifts, cameras, watches, tape recorders and precious metals must be declared on arrival.