Language: The official language of Gambia is English, and Gambians are educated in English. There are several indigenous languages, but English is the lingua franca.
Entry requirements for Americans: US citizens must have a passport that is valid for the period of intended stay. Visas are required, unless you are a passenger travelling as a tourist on a charter flight.
Entry requirements for UK nationals: British citizens must have a passport that is valid for the period of intended stay. No visa is required for stays of up to 90 days, or for passengers travelling as tourists on a charter flight.
Entry requirements for Canadians: Canadian citizens must have a passport that is valid for the period of intended stay. No visa is required for stays of up to 90 days.
Entry requirements for Australians: Australian citizens must have a passport that is valid for the period of intended stay. No visa is required for stays of up to 90 days.
Entry requirements for South Africans: South African citizens must have a passport that is valid for the period of intended stay. A visa is required, except for passengers travelling as tourists on a charter flight.
Entry requirements for New Zealanders: New Zealand citizens must have a passport that is valid for the period of intended stay. No visa is required for a maximum stay of up to 90 days.
Entry requirements for Irish nationals: Irish citizens must have a passport that is valid for the period of intended stay. No visa is required for a maximum stay of up to 90 days.
Passport/Visa Note: All visitors require a return ticket or proof of onward travel, sufficient funds to cover their stay in Gambia, and all necessary travel documentation for their next destination. In some cases visas may be issued on arrival, but this should be confirmed in advance from official sources. Passengers on a package tour, or arriving on a charter flight generally do not have to pre-arrange visas, but for peace of mind this should be confirmed before travel. A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required to enter Gambia, if arriving in the country after leaving or transiting through an infected area. It is highly recommended that your passport has at least six months validity remaining after your intended date of departure from your travel destination. Immigration officials often apply different rules to those stated by travel agents and official sources.
Travel Health: No inoculations are compulsory for entry to Gambia, except for a yellow fever certificate required by those arriving from yellow fever infected areas. However, it is recommended that travellers take health advice at least three weeks before departing for the country. Malaria is prevalent throughout the year, but the greatest risk is between June and November. Travellers should obtain up to date medical advice on the appropriate prophylactics, as some may not be adequate for Gambia. It is possible that your doctor may also advise that you are vaccinated for hepatitis A, hepatitis B, typhoid, tetanus-diphtheria, and meningococcus (for the Gambian dry season). Visitors are also advised to carry preparations for dehydration, stomach upsets, insect bites and cuts, as well as mosquito repellent and sun block, as these are not always readily available in Gambia. Waterborne diseases such as schistosomiasis do occur and travellers should not swim or raft in contaminated fresh water. Travellers should drink only bottled water, ensure meat and vegetables are well cooked and avoid unpeeled fruit and vegetables. Emergency medical facilities are of a low standard so travel insurance with provision for emergency repatriation is recommended.
Tipping: A 10 percent service charge is usually added to hotel and restaurant bills, and further tipping is discretionary. Generally all services rendered require a small cadeau (gift or tip).
Safety Information: Crime involving tourists is rare in Gambia and safety is not a major concern, but robberies involving travellers are on the rise, particularly the stealing of passports and valuables from hotel rooms. It is wise not to carry valuables or large sums of money or display them in public, and valuables left in hotels should be kept in safes whenever possible. The most popular beaches are manned by tourist police or hotel security officers. Take precautions on more isolated beaches, in unlit areas and in spots away from the tourist track. Driving in Gambia can be hazardous and many taxis are not roadworthy. Security checkpoints are common on all major roads within the country. Road travel from Gambia to southern Senegal should be avoided due to fighting between rebel factions in the area and incidents with bandits. Women should be on the lookout for male scammers who try and develop romantic relationships with them as this is a common ploy to get money in Gambia. Apart from scams and road safety issues, crime tends to be petty and mainly consists of bag-snatching and pick-pocketing.
Local Customs: Gambia is a Muslim country and therefore it is considered disrespectful to dress immodestly away from the beach, swimming pools or tourist centres. Religious customs should be respected, particularly during the month of Ramadan where eating, drinking and smoking during daylight hours should be discreet. Homosexuality is illegal and strong action is taken against travellers found to be in possession of drugs. It is prohibited to photograph military institutions.
Business: Business is conducted formally in Gambia and a formal dress code should be observed. Punctuality is expected. Business cards are catching on and advisable to bring along. Greetings are important and a formal handshake is the norm for men and women. It's important to acknowledge every member at a meeting, regardless of status or gender. A personal approach to business is favoured and Gambians like to get to know the person with whom they are conducting business. Business hours are generally 8am to 5pm, Monday to Friday.
Communications: The international access code for The Gambia is +220. No area codes are required. Coverage is limited to Banjul and a few other areas. Internet cafes are available in Banjul and the major tourist resorts.
Duty Free: Visitors arriving in Gambia are permitted to bring the following goods into the country without paying duty: 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250g of tobacco; one litre of spirits and one litre of wine or beer; 284ml of perfume; and goods up to the value of D1,000.