BasicsTime: Local time is GMT +2.
Electricity: Electrical current is 220 volts, 50Hz. The rounded three-pin plug is common, particularly near the border with South Africa and in Maputo. Two pronged, round- and flat-pin plugs are also found.
Money: The official currency is the Mozambican Metical (MZN), which is divided into 100 centavos. In the southern parts of the country, South African Rands, US Dollars, and Pounds Sterling are often also accepted to pay for accommodation. Credit cards are accepted in some upmarket hotels in Maputo, but card facilities throughout the rest of the country are limited so it's advisable to carry cash. ATMs are scarce and tend to be unreliable, but local banks have branches in most cities.
Currency Exchange Rates
Language: Portuguese is the official language, though over 40 languages are spoken in the country. English is taught in secondary schools, but is only spoken in the southern tourist regions.
Entry requirements for Americans: US citizens must have a passport that is valid on arrival in Mozambique. A visa is required.
Entry requirements for UK nationals: British citizens must have a passport that is valid on arrival in Mozambique. A visa is required.
Entry requirements for Canadians: Canadian citizens must have a passport that is valid on arrival in Mozambique. A visa is required.
Entry requirements for Australians: Australian citizens must have a passport that is valid on arrival in Mozambique. A visa is required.
Entry requirements for South Africans: South African citizens must have a passport that is valid for at least 30 days after their arrival in Mozambique. No visa is required.
Entry requirements for New Zealand nationals: New Zealand citizens must have a passport that is valid on arrival in Mozambique. A visa is required.
Passport/Visa Note: All foreign passengers to Mozambique must hold return/onward tickets, the necessary travel documentation for their next destination, and proof of sufficient funds to cover their expenses while in the country. Until recently visitors of most nationalities could obtain a 30-day tourist visa on arrival in Mozambique, but visas can now no longer be purchased at points of entry and must be organised beforehand. Those visiting Mozambique from a country where there is no Mozambican diplomatic mission should be able to get a visa on arrival but this should be confirmed in advance. Note that a yellow fever vaccination certificate is required to enter Mozambique, if arriving within six days of leaving or transiting through an infected area. NOTE: It is highly recommended that your passport has at least six months validity remaining after your intended date of departure from your travel destination. Immigration officials often apply different rules to those stated by travel agents and official sources.
Health regulations in Mozambique require visitors to have a yellow fever certificate if travelling from infected areas. Malaria is a risk throughout the year and prophylactics are recommended, as well as precautions against mosquitos.
Vaccinations are recommended for hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and typhoid. Visitors who will be spending a lot of time outdoors and may be at risk of animal bites should consider a rabies vaccination.
Diseases caused by unsanitary conditions are common throughout the country, and untreated water should be considered as unsafe to drink. Cholera and other waterborne diseases are prevalent during the rainy season.
The government has declared tuberculosis (TB) a national emergency and expects it to be a problem for the next 15 years. Hospital facilities are generally poor in Mozambique, and outside the major cities of Maputo and Beira medical facilities are limited.
Comprehensive medical insurance is essential and
visitors should carry personal medical supplies with them. Make
sure that all medication is in its original packaging and
accompanied by a signed and dated letter from a doctor, detailing
what the medication is and why it is needed.
Largely cut off from foreign investment, Mozambique has only in recent years started opening up to the worldwide business community. Conducting business in Mozambique can be difficult, as many people only speak Portuguese or their own ethnic language.
Translators are usually found in Maputo, but remain hard to come by. Generally, business in Mozambique follows the Portuguese model in terms of etiquette: punctuality is important and dress is usually conservative, with lightweight materials recommended.
Business associates should be addressed by their
professional titles unless otherwise stated, and meetings generally
start and end with a handshake. Men and women may shake hands, but
any additional physical contact can be interpreted as romantic
interest. Business hours are usually 7.30am or 8am to 12.30pm, and
2pm to 5.30pm, Monday to Friday.